NIH must stop Long COVID trials on debunked, damaging therapies and fund strategic therapeutic research.

Lawrence A. Tabak, Ph.D., DDS, Acting Director, NIH; Tara A. Schwetz, Ph.D., Acting Principal Deputy Director, NIH

On a dark blue background, with the white circular Long COVID Justice Logo on the top left, bold white text reads: NIH:  Halt Planned  Long COVID Trials on Debunked / Dangerous Strategies! There is a cartoon like image in the bottom right of a piece of pa

As the year draws to a close, I am contacting you on an urgent matter.

Please sign our petition to demand that the US National Institutes of Health block plans for Long COVID research studies on debunked, harmful methods and step in to ensure a strategic, well-funded effort to find real answers.

Here's what's going on:

The RECOVER Initiative was funded by the US Congress to find answers on how to treat Long COVID. But we've learned that RECOVER's plans for their first wave of clinical trials includes studies of exercise therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy. We are, frankly, horrified.

Patient advocates and our loved ones are speaking out:

Approximately half of people with Long COVID meet the diagnostic criteria for myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS). Research studies and patient reports have shown that exercise therapies often cause harm for people with ME/CFS and cognitive behavioral therapy is not an effective treatment.

Given this, it is neglectful that RECOVER would choose to focus on exercise and forms of CBT when there are dozens of drugs available waiting to be tested that could lead to better outcomes and/or more clues as to the pathophysiology of Long COVID. It is a waste of taxpayer money, limited resources, and crucial time to be testing harmful, debunked hypotheses.

Please sign our petition to demand that NIH immediately step in to right this situation, and commit to greater leadership and resources on Long COVID and associated diseases (LCAD). NIH failed to secure any new funding for RECOVER this year, so these misguided trials might be among the only ones funded for at least a year.

As one of millions of people now living with both ME/CFS and Long COVID, I thank you for your help.

JD Davids


Long COVID Justice

To: Lawrence A. Tabak, Ph.D., DDS, Acting Director, NIH; Tara A. Schwetz, Ph.D., Acting Principal Deputy Director, NIH
From: [Your Name]

Dear NIH leaders,

We have no time to waste in the quest for Long COVID treatments.

As you know, the WHO and NICE guidelines guidelines explicitly say forms of cognitive behavioral therapy and exercise are not treatments for post-viral illness.

Why is the RECOVER Initiative prioritizing these debunked, damaging interventions for clinical trials, when we have long lists of potentially effective therapeutics?

In concert with many community voices, we urge you to:

- Halt the planned trials that test exercise and forms of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) as treatments for Long COVID;

- Use the funds for trials of therapeutics prioritized by post-viral experts and patient groups in the Long COVID, ME/CFS, and dysautonomia communities [1]

- Dedicate significant and strategic funding for Long COVID research in the just-passed $1.7 trillion omnibus appropriation that provided over $47 billion for NIH

- Establish an ongoing Office of Complex Chronic Conditions in the NIH Office of the Director, to coordinate and oversee research on Long COVID and associated diseases (LCAD) with a commitment to transparency and meaningful involvement of people with LCAD.

Here's why we feel so strongly:

Approximately half of people with Long COVID meet the diagnostic criteria for myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) [2-4]. Research studies and patient reports have shown that exercise therapies often cause harm for people with ME/CFS and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is not an effective treatment [5-8]. In addition, many people with dysautonomia conditions frequently seen in Long COVID, including POTS, have been told their symptoms stem from anxiety and can be treated by CBT, delaying or even preventing diagnosis and treatment.

Given this, it is neglectful that RECOVER would choose to focus on exercise and forms of CBT when there are dozens of drugs available waiting to be trialed that could lead to better outcomes and/or more clues as to the pathophysiology of Long COVID. It is a waste of taxpayer money, limited resources, and crucial time to be testing harmful, debunked hypotheses.

The RECOVER Initiative has the opportunity to make a significant impact on the millions of lives of people with Long COVID and associated conditions. I join the many patients, providers, and researchers demanding that you stop any forward progress on trialing these practices and to invest this valuable funding into therapeutics that have the opportunity to make a real positive impact on patient outcomes.

Whether we have been a part of the RECOVER Initiative as patient representatives, participated in RECOVER as trial enrollees, or watched from the outside as people with LCAD, our loved ones, and members of our communities, we are united in our urging: NIH MUST ensure the RECOVER Initiative nix these trials and fix significant, pervasive problems in leadership, transparency and accountability that has brought us to this troubling point.

As we saw in the HIV/AIDS crisis, NIH can contribute to huge gains in research through a coordinated approach that ensures strategic collaboration across institutes. We need to have top leadership at NIH commit to high level coordination of LCAD research, overseen by the Office of the Director, to ensure that these trials do not move forward, and that appropriate resources are secured and marshaled for a strategic all-NIH effort.

We ask for your assurances that these trials will not move forward, and that you will work with our communities to finally rectify longstanding issues with the RECOVER Initiative.


[1] As an example, see the US ME/CFS Clinician Coalition’s ME/CFS Treatment Recommendations:

[2] Donna M. Mancini, Danielle L. Brunjes, Anuradha Lala, Maria Giovanna Trivieri, Johanna P. Contreras, Benjamin H. Natelson, Use of Cardiopulmonary Stress Testing for Patients With Unexplained Dyspnea Post–Coronavirus Disease, JACC: Heart Failure, Volume 9, Issue 12,
2021, Pages 927-937, ISSN 2213-1779,

[3] Jason, L.A.; Dorri, J.A. ME/CFS and Post-Exertional Malaise among Patients with Long COVID. Neurol. Int. 2023, 15, 1-11.

[4] Kedor, C., Freitag, H., Meyer-Arndt, L. et al. A prospective observational study of post-COVID-19 chronic fatigue syndrome following the first pandemic wave in Germany and biomarkers associated with symptom severity. Nat Commun 13, 5104 (2022).

[5] ME-Action, GET And CBT Are Not Safe For ME – Summary Of Survey Results, 2019

[6] Twisk, FN, Maes, M., A review on cognitive behavorial therapy (CBT) and graded exercise therapy (GET) in myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) / chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS): CBT/GET is not only ineffective and not evidence-based, but also potentially harmful for many patients with ME/CFS. Neuro Endocrinol Lett. 2009;30(3):284-99. PMID: 19855350.

[7] Vink M, Vink-Niese A. Cognitive behavioural therapy for myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome is not effective. Re-analysis of a Cochrane review. Health Psychol Open. 2019 May 2;6(1):2055102919840614. doi: 10.1177/2055102919840614. PMID: 31080632; PMCID: PMC6498783.

[8] NICE Guidelines.

[9] Rachel Cohrs, STAT DC Diagnosis,

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Christina Stella
John Steponaitis
Richard Stern
Robert Stern
Josiah Stevenson
Sebastian Stevenson
Cheral Stewart
Mark Stewart
Brian Still
Sarah Stockton
Jennifer Stone
Taylor Stover
Timo Strotmann
Mihaela Suleap
Charlotte Sullivan
laura sullivan
Bryan Summeri
Kaitlin Sundling
Diana Sutter
Kelly Svihovec
Emily Swaim
Jacinda Swanson
Thomas Szymczak
Charlotte Tagupa
Marika Tait
Laura Tamburo
frederic tarabout
Allison Taylor
Mary Taylor
Nicole Taylor
Rebecca Taylor
Wendi Taylor
Ana Tellez
Bethany Temple
Mitchell Tess
Sylvie Testard
S. Tharakan
Deborah Thelen
Teresa Theophano
Ashley Thomas
Dwayne Thomas
N Thomas
Caitlynn Thompson
Lidia Thompson
Mack Thompson
Rebekah Thompson
Ariana Thompson-Lastad
Kevin Thonhofer
Chantel Thurman
Westanna Tidwell
Jeanne Tiehen
Noel Tieszen
Rebecca Tiffany
Joe Tilley
Nate Tilton
Carrie Tilton-Jones
Alan Tipping
Patricia Tobin
Bernadetto Tomiaino-Barrett
Kelly Tomins
Melissa Topacio Long
Charles Toporek
Destiny Toro
Lupe Torre
Shawn Towey
Thanh Tran
Christine Trant
Alex Trebino
Peter Trewhitt
Tia Triplett
Marina Tsaplina
Glenn Tucker
Rhys Tucker
Michelle Turnbull
Kathleen Turturice
Jay Tyler
Eliana Uku
Elizabeth Underwood
Mathieu Vadon
Jeanne Marie Vaidie
Ramiro Valdes
Richard Vallee
Caroline Van Rijckeghem
Jill Van Sickle
Robert Van Ysendyck
Christina Vargas
Katrina Veerman
Santiago Venegas
Kristin Verdugo
Audrey Vernick
Navneet Virk
Rosina Volpicella
Marilyn Wacks
Esther Wagner
Casey Wait
Susan Wald
Sean Wallace
Emma Wallace-Potts
ANNE E Wallick-Bauhof
Nicole Walton
Andrew Wang
Claire Wang
Kieran Warden
Elizabeth Wareham
Jessica Warner
David Watson
Ron Watson
Amaya Watters
Malachi Watts
Rebecca Weger
Lisa Wegman
Rachel Weidinger
Corina Weidinger
Rachel Weiner
Amy Weisman
Jared Weiss
Laura Welch
Jessica Wells
Laura West
Caleb Wetzel
Anna White
Katelan White
Marilyn White
McLaine White
Mickel White
Owen White
Claire Whitfield
John Whitley
Jean Wiant
Aubree Wickline
Sandra Wicks, BSN, RN
Mark Williams
Paul Williams
Michael Wilson
Oliver Wilson
Dallas Windham
Emily Winson
Emily Withnall
Joyce Witt
Sarah Wolfe
Tracy Wolfenden
Fred Wolkovitz
Sharon Wong
aerik woodams
Lia Woodward
Brad Wright
Victoria Wu
Kristin Wunder
Claire Wyman
Laura Yakas
Amarin Young
Brooke Young
Melissa Young
Brett Zamir
Nicole Zegiestowsky
Hollie Zegman
Kenneth Zike