An Open Letter to Microsoft: Drop your $19.4 million ICE tech contract

Satya Nadella, Chief Executive Officer of Microsoft; Brad Smith, Microsoft President; Lily Kim, General Manager of Azure Government; Rohan Kumar, Corporate Vice President of Azure Data

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As concerned scientists, scholars, and researchers, we condemn the use of technology for inhumane surveillance, detention, deportation, and border militarization. We support Microsoft workers who have signed a letter to demand that Microsoft drop its contract with ICE.


To: Satya Nadella, Chief Executive Officer of Microsoft; Brad Smith, Microsoft President; Lily Kim, General Manager of Azure Government; Rohan Kumar, Corporate Vice President of Azure Data
From: [Your Name]

As concerned scientists, scholars, and researchers, we condemn the use of technology for inhumane surveillance, detention, deportation, and border militarization.

We are appalled at the Trump administration’s ‘zero tolerance’ policy and the dramatic increase in family separation and child detention. [1] High-profile political leaders from across the aisle have condemned this policy; Pope Francis denounced it as "immoral;"[2] and the President of the American Academy of Pediatrics has characterized the policy as "child abuse.”[3] Nor do we support the administration’s recent proposal to ‘solve’ the problem by placing entire families in detention together for extended periods of time.

Yet despite ICE’s abhorrent practices, in January 2018, Microsoft announced a contract with ICE to use the Azure Government platform, boasting that it would help to “accelerate facial recognition and identification,” and stating that “[ICE] is currently implementing transformative technologies for homeland security and public safety, and we're proud to support this work with our mission-critical cloud.”[4]

In response, more than 300 Microsoft workers have signed a letter to Satya Nadella requesting that Microsoft cancel all its contracts with ICE.[5]

We stand in support of these workers and their demands.

We also recognize that “the cloud” is not simply general purpose infrastructure; clouds are complex systems optimized for some needs and not others. During the recent mobilization of Google workers against Project Maven,[6] when Google claimed that the military could still carry out the work without Google’s help, Google workers knew better. In fact, Google had even gone so far as to design custom microprocessors — TPUs, or Tensor Processing Units — to speed up ‘inference’ to keep up with real time image, sound, and video flows.[7]

Similarly, engineers for Microsoft Azure Government are tasked with developing AI and systems architectures to suit major clients — the largest of which are government and military agencies. Microsoft’s cloud services APIs, or application program interfaces, can identify faces as well as translate audio in real time. A Senior Program Manager at Microsoft praised the technology’s capabilities in April, listing use cases like “real time interviews, border patrol, immigration. I mean, a lot of this the sky’s the limit with your imagination.”[8]

So the cloud is not just a neutral, free and open resource — describing it this way is technologically inaccurate and ethically irresponsible. As clouds and algorithms are increasingly used by government agencies, scholars have shown how those same algorithms are used to make bureaucratic judgments without oversight, audit, or appeal.[9] Microsoft’s, Google's, and Amazon’s rush to provide cloud translation software for ICE[10] demonstrates how society's computing skills and resources have been increasingly directed towards technologies of surveillance, exclusion, and control, rather than towards the common good.

We call on Microsoft, and all tech firms with ICE contracts, to drop those contracts immediately. Anything short of cancellation constitutes compliance with inhumane, abusive practices.

We call on other tech firms, big and small, to publicly acknowledge their contracts with U.S. government agencies, to drop contracts with ICE, and to take an ethical stance on the technologies they develop, just as Google did in dropping its AI contract with the DoD.[11] Moral and political opposition from tech industry workers and researchers will help end human rights abuses at the border and throughout the immigration system. We also recognize the links between border militarization, overpolicing, mass incarceration, and war,[12] and support not only Microsoft workers in their call to drop ICE contracts, but also Google workers who forced their company to drop DoD contracts[13] and Amazon workers who demand that the company boot privatized spy agency Palantir[14].

Furthermore, we pledge to never work on technologies that are used for the detention and deportation system; we urge other researchers and scientists to publicly state that they too will never work on technologies used to support this system; and we promise to support the growing movement for ethical technology in our research, in our classrooms, and in the public sphere.

SIGNED,

[Note: The following list will be updated regularly as more people sign.]

Sasha Costanza-Chock, Associate Professor of Civic Media, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Catherine D'Ignazio, Assistant Professor of Civic Media & Data Visualization, Emerson College

Alondra Nelson, Professor of Sociology, Columbia University

Greg Morrisett, Dean, Faculty of Computing & Information Science, Cornell University

Ruha Benjamin, Associate Professor of African American Studies, Princeton University

Nancy Krieger, Professor of Social Epidemiology and American Cancer Society Clinical Research Professor, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

Sherry Turkle, Abby Rockefeller Mauzé Professor of the Social Studies of Science and Technology in the Program in Science, Technology, and Society
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Sarah Banet-Weiser, Professor, Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism, University of Southern California

Siva Vaidhyanathan, Robertson Professor of Media Studies, The University of Virginia

Gabriella Coleman, Wolfe Chair in Scientific and Technological Literacy, McGill Univesity

Jason Beckfield, Professor and Chair of Sociology, Harvard University

Edmund Bertschinger, Professor of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Louis Kampf, Professor Emeritus, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Sally Haslanger, Ford Professor of Philosophy and Women’s and Gender Studies, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Vincent Mosco, Emeritus Professor, Former Canada Research Chair in Communication and Society, Queen's University

Heather Lechtman, Professor of Archaeology and Ancient Technology; Director, Center for Materials Research in Archaeology and Ethnology (CMRAE), Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Mark Beissinger, Henry W. Putnam Professor of Politics, Princeton University

Susanna Siegel, Edgar Pierce Professor of Philosophy, Harvard University

Lilly Irani, Assistant Professor of Communication, Science Studies, and Critical Gender Studies, University of California San Diego

Safiya Noble, Assistant Professor, University of Southern California

Joy Buolamwini, Founder, Algorithmic Justice League

Axel Bruns, Professor, Queensland University of Technology

Stefan Helmreich, Elting E. Morison Professor of Anthropology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Ruth Perry, Ann Fetter Friedlaender Professor of the Humanities, MacVicar Fellow, Literature Faculty Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Ceasar McDowell, Professor of the Practice of Civic Design, Department of Urban Studies and Planning Massachusetts Institute of Technology

David Pesetsky, Ferrari P. Ward Professor of Modern Languages and Linguistics and Head of the Department of Linguistics and Philosophy, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Sarah J. Jackson, Associate Professor, Northeastern University

Mike Ananny, Associate Professor of Communication and Journalism, and past postdoctoral researcher at Microsoft Research New England, University of Southern California

Mary Waters, Professor of Sociology, Harvard University

Ethan Zuckerman, Associate Professor of the Practice Massachusetts Institute of Technology

micha cárdenas, Assistant Professor, Art & Design: Games and Playable Media University of California, Santa Cruz

Judith Donath, Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society, Harvard University

Seda Gurses, Post-doctoral Researcher, University of Leuven and CITP affiliate Princeton University

Dayna Cunningham, Executive Director, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Community Innovators Lab

Jorge N Matias, Postdoctoral research associate, Center for IT Policy at Princeton University

Meredith Whittaker, Distinguished Research Scientist, AI Now Institute Co-director, New York University

John Borneman, Professor of Anthropology, Princeton University

Chris Bourg, Director of Libraries, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Hector Cordero-Guzman, Professor, Baruch College of the City University of New York

Michel DeGraff, Professor of Linguistics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Arcadio Díaz-Quiñones, Professor Emeritus, Princeton University

Danny Fox Anshen-Chomsky, Professor in Language & Thought, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Jennifer Hochschild, Professor, Harvard University

Jean Jackson, Professor of Anthropology Emeritus, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Jonathan Kahn, Professor, Mitchell Hamline School of Law

Gillian Knapp, Professor Emerita, Princeton University

Helen Elaine Lee, Professor, Director of the Program in Women's & Gender Studies, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Betsy Levy Paluck, Professor of Psychology and Public and International Affairs, Princeton University

Haynes Miller, Professor of Mathematics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Nick Montfort, Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Jeffrey Ravel, Professor of History, Head, History Faculty, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Maura Smale, Professor, NYC College of Technology, CUNY

Bregje van Eekelen, Professor, Institute for advanced study

Amanda Birnbaum, Professor, Montclair State University

Lundy Braun, Professor, Brown University

Mariana Chilton, Professor, Drexel University

Mardge Cohen, Professor of Medicine, Rush University

Hannah Cooper, Professor, Emory University

Catherine DeLorey, President, Women's Health Institute

martin donohoe, Director, Public Health and Social Justice (phsj.org)

Michael Fischer, Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Hal Foster, Townsend Martin Professor of Art and Archaeology, Princeton

Joan Fujimura, Professor, University of Wisconsin

Eddie Glaude, Professor, Princeton University

Kathryn Henne, Canada Research Chair, University of Waterloo

Dorothy Hosler, Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Nergis Mavalvala, Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Yael Niv, Professor, Princeton University

Wayne O'Neil, Professor of Linguistics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Jeffrey Ow, Professor, Berkeley City College

Helmut Puff, Professor, University of Michigan

Valerie Sperling, Professor, Clark University

Michael Strauss, Professor, Princeton University

Susan Sugarman, Professor of Psychology, Princeton University

Anna Suranyi, Professor, Endicott College

John Trimbur, Professor of Writing, Literature & Publishing, Emerson College

Irene Vogel, Professor, University of Delaware

Nina Walkerstein, Professor, University of New Mexico

Christine Walley, Professor of Anthropology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Judith Weisenfeld, Professor of Religion, Princeton University

David R. Williams, Florence & Laura Norman Professor, Harvard University

Elizabeth Wood, Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Stephen Yablo, Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Wyn Kelley, Senior Lecturer, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Erica Caple James, Associate Professor of Medical Anthropology and Urban Studies, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Lucas Mason-Brown, PhD Student in Mathematics; CTO, Data for Black Lives, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Brent Ryan, Associate Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Lauren Klein, Associate Professor, Georgia Institute of Technology

Rodrigo Ochigame, Doctoral student, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Gabriella Carolini, Assistant Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Julia Ortony, Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Sarah Williams, Associate Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Mariana Arcaya, Assistant Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Kavita Philip, Associate Professor, UC Irvine

Cherie Abbanat, Lecturer, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Rafael Jaramillo, Assistant Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

andre carrington, Associate Professor, Drexel University

Paloma Duong, Assistant Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Tamar Schapiro, Associate Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Aileen Duldulao, Epidemiologist and Researcher

Karen-Sue Taussig, Associate Professor and Chair, Department of Anthropology University of Minnesota

Lauren Shiman, City Research Scientist, NYC DOHMH

Lauri Andress, Assistant Professor, West Virginia University

Ares Geovanos, graduate student, Stanford University

Aymar Jean Christian, Assistant Professor of Communication, Northwestern University

Ken Coelho, Still University of Health Sciences

Jo Shin, Simon Fraser University

Dannie Ritchie, MD, MPH; Clinical Assistant Professor of Family Medicine, Brown University

Lorena Estrada-Martínez, Assistant Professor, University of Massachusetts Boston

Catherine Duarte, PhD Candidate, UC Berkeley

Kasim Ortiz, PhD Student, University of New Mexico

Marty Martinson, Associate Professor, San Francisco State University

Carolyn Prouty, Member of the Faculty, Public Health, The Evergreen State College

Nora Kenworthy, Assistant Professor, University of Washington Bothell

Gordon Schiff

Sally Dey, High school history teacher, Milton Academy

Mary Ann Castle, Senior Associate, Planning Alternatives for Change

Sanghyuk Shin, Assistant Professor, UC Irvine

Mary Fabri, Clinical Psychologist

AJ Rich, University of British Columbia

Bettina Stoetzer, Assistant Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Siri Michel, Public health social worker

Claudia Chaufan, Associate Professor, York University

Robert Bodle, Associate Professor of New Media Studies, Mount St. Joseph University

James Bloyd, Public Health Professional, University of Illinois

Joseph Graves Jr, Associate Dean for Research, North Carolina A&T State University

Anthony Hatch, Associate Professor of Science in Society, Wesleyan University

Kim Cameron-Dominguez

Chris Coombe, Assistant Research Scientist, University of Michigan

Sahar Nouredini, Assistant Professor, California State University East Bay

Nicole Legnani, Assistant Professor of Colonial Latin American Studies, Princeton University

Lital Levy, Associate Professor, Princeton University

Daniel Jones

Jennifer Holt , Associate Professor, University of California, Santa Barbara

Edward Platt, PhD Candidate, University of Michigan

Ezra Glenn, Lecturer in Community Development, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Manduhai Buyandelger, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Wendy Belcher, Associate Professor, Princeton University

Kathleen Kenny, PhD Candidate, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Trude Bennett, Associate Professor Emerita, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Wendy Roth, Associate Professor of Sociology, University of British Columbia

Todd Holmes, Staff, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Todd Wolfson, Associate Professor, Rutgers University

Margot Smith, retired social scientist

Katherine Reischl, Assistant Professor, Princeton University

Alex Pirie, Steering Committee, Community Member, Tisch Center of Community Research,Tufts University

Jason Griffey, Affiliate, Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society

Mary Anglin, Associate Professor, University of Kentucky

Jill Dimond, Independent researcher and activist, Sassafras Tech Collective

Rochelle Clark

Andrew Schrock, Post-doctoral Researcher, Chapman University

Jonathan Zong, PhD student, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Griffin Boyce, Technologist, Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University

Brian Keegan, Assistant Professor, University of Colorado Boulder

Justin Garoutte, MPH Student, University of New Mexico

Luke Stark, Dartmouth College

Emma Pierson

Kate Coleman-Minahan, Assistant Professor, University of Colorado

Bertha Mo, Adjunct Professor, Carleton University

Zachary McDowell, Assistant Professor, University of Illinois at Chicago

Tiana Dietz, Operations Manager, Private

stacy wood, Assistant Professor, University of Pittsburgh

Adam Holland, Project Manager, Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society

Ameena Ahmed, Assistant Clinical Professor, UC San Francisco

Natalie Gyenes, Research Affiliate, Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society

Reena Goldthree, Assistant Professor of African American Studies, Princeton University

Hannah Werdmuller

Alexa Eisenberg

Joan Byron

Matthew Cousens, Warehouse shipper

James Dobson, Lecturer of English and Creative Writing, Dartmouth College

Michele Sordi, publishing executive

Lisa Davis

David Della Cioppa, World Language Educator, GMHS

Rick Rejeleene, University of Rhode Island

Jennifer Becker, Teacher, Santa Rosa City Schools

Irene Small, Assistant Professor, Princeton University

Damani Partridge, Associate Professor at the Department of Anthropology and Department of Afroamerican and African Studies, University of Michigan

Regina Surber, Scientific Advisor, ICT4Peace Foundation

Anabel Marques, Reporting Specialist, UNICEF Switzerland

Bernadette Baker, Registered Nurse, ONCC

Olivier Alais, Lead Consultant, Soukeina

Matthew Gold, Associate Professor of English and Digital Humanities, The Graduate Center, CUNY

Colin Rhinesmith, Assistant Professor, Simmons College

Aram Sinnreich, Associate Professor, American University

Jon Penney, Research Fellow // Assistant Professor, Citizen Lab, University of Toronto // Dalhousie // Princeton CITP

Meryl Alper, Assistant Professor, Northeastern University

Chelsea Miller, Acquisitions Editorial Assistant, State University of New York Press

Angela Okune, Graduate Student Researcher, University of California - Irvine

Erin Hurt, Associate professoe, West Chester University of PA

Ben Green, Fellow, Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University

Will Thomas, PhD Student, University of Maryland

Michael Zimmer, Associate Professor, UW-Milwaukee School of Information Studies

Bethany Nowviskie, Research Associate Professor of Digital Humanities & Executive Director of the Digital Library Federation, University of Virginia & Council on Library and Information Resources

Dot Porter, University of Pennsylvania

Lilly Irani, Assistant Professor, UC San Diego

Matthew Battles, Associate Director at metaLAB, Harvard University

Nick Seaver, Assistant Professor, Tufts University

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Michelle Gibeault, Assistant Professor of Libraries, University of Arkansas

Zahid Chaudhary, Associate Professor, Princeton

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Jackie Koerner, Independent Scholar

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Derek Kompare, Associate Professor, Southern Methodist University

Alex Ahmed, Doctoral Student, Northeastern University

Bob Humphrey

Laura Kalin, Assistant Professor, Princeton University

Dawn Childress, Librarian, UCLA

Pablo Castro, Software engineer, Google

Sarah Bakker, Lecturer, San Francisco State University

Steve An, CEO, AppliedQ

Rachel Guldin, PhD Student, University of Oregon

Scott Ward, Graduate Student of History, Eastern Washington University

Raymond Yee, Independent Consultant

Talia Leibovitz, Graduate student, University of California, Berkeley

Catie Eisel-Elder

David Combosch, Assistant Professor, University of Guam

andres lombana, Postdoctoral fellow, Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society

Anna Fisher, Associate Professor, Carnegie Mellon University

Ken Koedinger, Scientist, Carnegie Mellon University

Sinead Wilson, Graduate student, The University of Queensland

Chenjerai Kumanyika, Assistant Professor Journalism and Media Studies, Rutgers University

Laurenellen McCann, Adjunct Professor, Center for Government Excellence, Johns Hopkins University

Ashley Sanders Garcia, Professor, University of California Los Angeles

Frieda Gardner, retired teacher

Vanessa Vega, Research Associate, Rockman et al

Ryan Gallagher, PhD Student, Northeastern University

Joshua Braun, Associate Professor of Journalism, University of Massachusetts Amherst

Kieran Cutting

Saadia Toor, Associate Professor of Sociology, College of Staten Island, CUNY

Emily M. Bender, Professor, Department of Linguistics; Adjunct Professor, Allen School of Computer Science & Engineering, University of Washington

Emily Unger, MD/PhD student, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

Daniel Lark, Graduate Student, University of Southern California

Delip Rao, Researcher/Founder, Joostware AI Research Corp

Ignatius Ezeani, Doctoral Researcher, The University of Sheffield, UK

Tressie McMillan Cottom, Assistant Professor, Sociology, Virginia Commonwealth University

Herman Gray, Professor of Sociology, UC Santa Cruz

Anne Sterling, Professor Emerita of Biology, Brown University

Naomi Murakawa, Associate Professor of African American Studies, Princeton University

Audrey Morin, Student, SciencesPo Bordeaux University

Rosemary Clark-Parsons, PhD Candidate, University of Pennsylvania

Annemarie Perez, Assistant Professor of Interdisciplinary Studies, California State University Dominguez Hills

Lisa Rivera, Associate Professor of Philosophy, UMass Boston

Joss Wright, Senior Research Fellow , Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford

Jason Stanley, Professor of Philosophy, Yale University

Kathleen Gibbons

David Murakami Wood, Canada Research Chair in Surveillance Studies, Queen's University

Elena Glassman, Postdoctoral Scholar, UC Berkeley

Joseph Levine, Professor of Philosophy, University of Massachusetts Amherst

Roderic Crooks, Assistant Professor, Department of Informatics, University of California, Irvine

Gary Ostertag, Associate Professor of Philosophy, CUNY Graduate Center; Nassau Community College

Margaret Beissinger, Research Scholar, Slavic Department, Princeton University

Cem Tasan, Assistant Professor, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, MIT

Adam Hosein, Associate Prof. of Philosophy, Northeastern University

Jeffrey Perry

Ann Garry, CSULA

Alexandra Suppes, Research Associate, Psychology Department, New York University, Abu Dhabi

Yanni Loukissas, Assistant Professor of Digital Media, Georgia Institute of Technology

Catherine Elgin, Professor of the Philosophy of Education, Harvard University

Christopher Zurn, Professor of Philosophy, University of Massachusetts Boston

Jason Burke Murphy, Assistant Professor of Philosophy, Elms College

niels van doorn, Assistant Professor of New Media & Digital Culture, University of Amsterdam

David Goldberg, Primary Care Physician, Chinle, Arizona

David Hsu, Assistant Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Louise Antony, Professor of Philosophy, University of Massachusetts

Sepehr Vakil, Assistant Professor, School of Education and Social Policy Northwestern University

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François Serra, Researcher in evolutionary biology, Center of Genomic Regulation, Barcelona, Spain

Jon Pincus, Tech DIVA, A Change Is Coming

Jonathan King, Prof. of Molecular Biology, M.I.T.

Monique Mann, Vice-Chancellor's Research Fellow (Technology and Regulation), Queensland University of Technology

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Javier Sanchez Monedero, Associate Researcher in Computer Science, Cardiff University

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christia mercer, Gustave M. Berne Professor of Philosophy, Columbia University

Karen Jones, Senior Lecturer, Philosophy, The University of Melbourne

Martin Glassman, Senior Principal Systems Engineer, BAE Systems

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Robin Celikates, Associate Professor of Philosophy, University of Amsterdam

Amade Aouatef M'charek, Professor Anthropology of Science, University of Amsterdam

Mark Cote, Senior Lecturer in Date Culture and Society, King's College London

Eric Schliesser, Professor of Political Science, University of Amsterdam

Chelsea Barabas, Research Scientist, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Rebekah Larsen, PhD Candidate, Sociology, University of Cambridge

Kirstie Whitaker, Research fellow, Alan Turing Institute

Selena Nemorin, Lecturer, Sociology of Digital Technology, University College London

Eli McClain, Scholar of History and Sociology, City University of New York

Joan Neuberger, Professor of History, , University of Texas at Austin

William Erickson, Federal scientist, USEPA

Frank Bove, Epidemiologist, CDC

Frank Pasquale, Professor of Law, University of Maryland

Catherine Clune-Taylor, Postdoctoral Research Associate, Princeton University

Roger Levy, Associate Professor of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Emily Glaser

Giuliana Gilbert-Igelsrud, MLIS Student, Simmons College

Robert Soden, PhD Candidate in Computer Science, University of Colorado Boulder

Mary Jane Daly, Lecturer, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Daniela Rosner, Assistant Professor, University of Washington

Joshua Guild, Associate Professor of History & African American Studies, Princeton University

Marisa Jahn, Faculty, MIT

Julie Kientz, Associate Professor, Human-Centered Design & Engineering, University of Washington

Christopher Le Dantec, Associate Professor, Georgia Institute of Technology

Shabnam Hossein, Doctoral Student, Emory University

Anne Cong-Huyen, Digital Pedagogy Librarian, University of Michigan

Gina Schouten, Assistant professor of philosophy, Harvard University

Dana Simmons, Associate Professor of History, University of California, Riverside

Nicole Davis

Nicholas Graff, MPH, Alumnus, University of Washington

Robert Cohen, Clinical Assistant Professor, NYU School of Medicine, NY, NYU School of Medicine

Katherine Bryant, Postdoctoral Fellow, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition, & Behaviour

Laura Forlano , Associate Professor of Design, Illinois Institute of Technology

Erin Simpson, Marshall Scholar, Oxford Internet Institute

Alice Elliott, Research Assistant, University of Michigan

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kristen goessling, Assistant Professor of Human Development & Family Studies, Penn State University

Veronica Uribe A, Phd Student, UC San Diego

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Julia Rowinski, Freelance Web and Technical Consultant

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Mary Crippen

Mansi Shah

Kate Hennessy, Associate Professor specializing in Media, Simon Fraser University, School of Interactive Arts and Technology

Karen Levy, Assistant Professor of Information Science, Cornell University

Sree Harsha T, Project coordinator , Centre for sustainable agriculture

Geert-Jan van Bussel, Assistant Professor Digital Archiving & Compliance and CEO Van Bussel Document Services, Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences

Madeline Pierce

Ian Condry, Professor, Global Studies and Languages, MIT

Roman Yampolskiy, Associate Professor of Computer Engineering and Computer Science, University of Louisville

Ariana Thompson-Lastad, Postdoctoral fellow, University of California San Francisco

Carolyn Draper

Nancy nanc, Faculty in the English Department , Shoreline Community College

Kayla Weiner

Joan Schrammeck

Araceli Hernandez, Activist, Casa Latina

Alx Dark, Principal Software Engineer, Sage Bionetworks

Andrea Canini, PhD Candidate in Anthropology, University of Washington

Elizabeth Butler, Cancel contract with ICE

Cecilia Noecker, Research assistant/PhD student, University of Washington

Christoph Strouse, Student : Community Environment & Planning, University of Washington

Colin B, Software Engineer, University of Washington

Eleanor Hoague, Attorney, Chairwoman of LIFT, LIFT

Rutger Ceballos, PhD Student, University of Washington

David Van Horn, Assistant Professor of Computer Science, University of Maryland

Lael White, Health care Provider, Greenlake Health Center

Robert Crawford, Professor Emeritus, Interdisciplinary Arts and Sciences, University of Washington, Tacoma

Thomas Watson, Patent Attorney, Amin, Turocy & Watson LLP

Irene Danysh, co-chair ACLU People Power Burien WA, ACLU People Power

Nancy Farrell, teacher, Tacoma Public Schools

Mariaelena Castillo

Sue McCabe, Public School Educator

Amy Nelson

Karla Garcia

Kristin Lysaker, Adult Basic Ed Faculty , South Seattle College

Kirsten Lysen

Eric Holzapfel, Immigration Manager, Entre Hermanos

Carolyn Turnovsky, Sociologist

Jeanna Wheeler, PhD, Research Scientist,

Maria Rivera

Daniel Dylewsky, PhD Student in Physics, University of Washington, Seattle

Sumyat Thu, PhD Candidate and Writing Instructor , University of Washington

Jennifer Duncan

Jamie Mayerfeld, Professor of Political Science, University of Washington

Michelle Salgado, Graduate Student Researcher, University of Washington

Pamela Gidwani

James McIver, Programmer Analyst

Jonnie Penn, Doctoral Researcher, University of Cambridge

Susannah Glickman, Graduate student, Columbia University

Shannon Carpenter

Laurie Peek

Kwan Wah Lui

Emily George, Instructor, University of Washington

Erin Rants

Nebras Almaslamani

K Severson

Rita Margolies, retired researcher, ex Microsoft employee

Philip Sherwood, Retired

Janine Sy, RN, Swedish Medical Center

Ahmed Ansari, Lecturer & PhD Candidate, Design Studies, Carnegie Mellon University

Margaret Beissinger, Research Scholar, Dept. of Slavic Languages & Literatures, Princeton University

Davie Nemerever, Medical Transcriptionist , University of Washington

Hannah Horowitz, Research associate , University of Washington

Theresa Crecelius, Medical Laboratory Scientist, University of Washington

N. Berkheiser, M.D.

Linda Storm, Ecologist, University of Washington

Ky Cochran

Andrew Hill

Basil Hariri, Software Engineer, Microsoft

John Cheney-Lippold, Associate Professor of American Culture, University of Michigan

Anna Lees, Assistant Professor, Early Childhood Education, Western Washington University

Jody Lineman, High School Teacher, Bothell High School

Michael Middleton, Owner, Texas Star Net, LLC.

Adele Reynolds

Alex Ahmed, Doctoral Student in Computer and Information Science, Northeastern University

Amy Casebolt, People Scientist Intern and Master's Candidate, Seattle Pacific University

Lynn Bottge

Aaron Katz, Principal Lecturer, University of Washington School of Public Health

Maria Elena Garcia, Associate Professor of International Studies and Comparative History of Ideas, University of Washington

May Saetern

Veronica D'Orazio, teacher

Karen Doxey, 3rd Grade Teacher, Seattle Public Schools

Amanda Fry, Supervisor, DCYF

Joanna Armstrong,

Angel Ojeda, Civil Servant,

Jennifer Hoang

Nora Kenworthy, Assistant Professor, University of Washington Bothell

Mark Ho, Postdoctoral Researcher EECS, University of California Berkeley

Ani Kodzhabasheva, PhD Candidate, Columbia University

REFERENCES

[1] https://www.npr.org/2018/06/19/621065383/what-we-know-family-separation-and-zero-tolerance-at-the-border
[2] https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/20/world/europe/pope-francis-trump-child-separation.html
[3] https://www.cnn.com/videos/us/2018/06/18/colleen-kraft-american-academy-of-pediatrics-family-separation-child-abuse-ath.cnn
[4] https://blogs.msdn.microsoft.com/azuregov/2018/01/24/federal-agencies-continue-to-advance-capabilities-with-azure-government/
[5] https://www.theverge.com/2018/6/21/17488328/microsoft-ice-employees-signatures-protest
[6] https://gizmodo.com/google-plans-not-to-renew-its-contract-for-project-mave-1826488620
[7] https://www.extremetech.com/computing/247199-googles-dedicated-tensorflow-processor-tpu-makes-hash-intel-nvidia-inference-workloads
[8] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QucpwVAehf4
[9] Pasquale 2015 The Black Box Society; Eubanks 2018 Automating Inequality; Noble 2018 Algorithms of Oppression.
[10] https://www.defenseone.com/technology/2018/05/microsoft-invades-amazons-turf-spookville/148243
[11] See https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-switch/wp/2018/06/01/google-to-drop-pentagon-ai-contract-after-employees-called-it-the-business-of-war/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.7cdbbc18c89d
[12] Hernandez, Kelly Lytle, Khalil Gibran Muhammad, and Heather Ann Thompson. "Introduction: constructing the carceral state." The Journal of American History 102, no. 1 (2015): 18-24.
See also http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2018/06/21/pers-j21.html;
[13] See https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-switch/wp/2018/06/01/google-to-drop-pentagon-ai-contract-after-employees-called-it-the-business-of-war/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.7cdbbc18c89d
[14] See https://gizmodo.com/amazon-workers-demand-jeff-bezos-cancel-face-recognitio-1827037509